I am in great preparation of this South American trip I am undertaking. Visiting places is a way of improving our knowledge. Whilst yesterday I mentioned ‘seeing is believing’, I could add today, that ‘seeing is knowing’ too. Countries that I shall visit for the first time are: Chile, Peru, Ecuador, Costa Rica, Mexico. I am amazed at the size of the country but more impressive is its latitude span. Having such geographical latitude the variety of the bio diversity is immense.

My visit to Chile is too brief to really know the country but at least I am hopeful to have a good glimpse. A country with a coastal line of over 4000 kilometres from the South Pole towards Peru in the latitude 20 bordered by the high altitude Andes which is only 175 kilometres from the Pacific Ocean coast line surely yields an exceptional diversity. It is as if in a same country you would have the climatic and condition of the whole world.

I am so thrilled to dig into my reading…. No wonder Chile is able to produce excellent wine.

1 comment so far ↓

#1 C'est Moi on 05.21.09 at 6:09 pm

You OK Joseph ?

Not being able to read your blog gives us withdrawal symptoms.
It is one month since you went on your great South American adventure

Even India Jones adventures have Part 1, Part 2 and Part 3

I don’t suppose swine flu has reached the heights of Machu Picchu yet.

Machu Picchu (Quechua: Machu Pikchu, “Old Peak” ; pronounced [‘mÉ‘.tʃu ‘pik.tʃu]) is a pre-Columbian Inca site located 2,430 metres (8,000 ft) above sea level[1]. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, which is 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Cuzco and through which the Urubamba River flows. The river is a partially navigable headwater of the Amazon River. Often referred to as “The Lost City of the Incas”‘, Machu Picchu is one of the most familiar symbols of the Inca Empire.

The Incas started building it around AD 1430 but was abandoned as an official site for the Inca rulers a hundred years later, at the time of the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire. Although known locally, it was said[who?] to have been forgotten for centuries when the site was brought to worldwide attention in 1911 by Hiram Bingham, an American historian. Since then, Machu Picchu has become an important tourist attraction. It has recently come to light that the site may have been discovered and plundered several years previously, in 1867 by a German businessman, Augusto Berns.[2] In fact, there is substantial evidence that a British missionary, Thomas Payne, and a German engineer, J. M. von Hassel, arrived earlier than Hiram, and maps found by historians show references to Machu Picchu as early as 1874.[3]

Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. Since it was not plundered by the Spanish when they conquered the Incas, it is especially important as a cultural site and is considered a sacred place.

Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. Its primary buildings are the Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows. These are located in what is known by archaeologists as the Sacred District of Machu Picchu. In September 2007, Peru and Yale University reached an agreement regarding the return of artifacts which Hiram Bingham had removed from Machu Picchu in the early twentieth century.

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